Diet Adequacy For Children
When planning for the diet of a child, food groups should be used to ensure that it is adequate to meet the nutrient requirements for the child. According to CDC (2012), foods can be broadly be classified into five food groups namely: 1.cereals, breads and potatoes 2.Fruits and vegetables 3.Milk, cheese, yoghurt and other dairy products 4.Meat, fish and alternatives. 5. Sugar, oil and others.
Children tend to be picky eaters after their first birthday and in most of the cases they have a reduced appetite (Evans army, 2000). For this reason most of these children will only eat the foods that they like by selecting it from what is given to them. Dealing with picky eaters can be a trying time for the parent and it needs patience and understanding so as to deal with the situation in the right manner. Various methods can be used to deal with such a child so that the food that is given to them will meet their nutrition requirements for their growth and development.
One of the things that the parent can do to ensure that the child eats is by arranging the food in a child friendly way (Tony, 2013). Since children in this age are very curious they will be fascinated about eating differently shaped foods with different colors and before they realize it they have eaten a significant portion of the food. Another way is by giving the child their healthy snacks in between meals which greatly helps to supplement the nutrients given to the child within the day (cspinet, 2005). If the child ate a less healthy diet during meal times, the healthy snack will help to provide more nutrients to the body. Children who are fed separately tend to be lonely and eat less and it is for that reason that meal times should be interesting time for the child and as much as possible the child should feed at the same time with the rest of the family and even where possible they should eat the family food as opposed to their special meals (Fulkerson et al, 2008). Lastly another tactic that can be used by the parent is by incorporating the less favorite foods of the child in their favorite foods but in a way that the child can not realize it (tony 2013). An example is by blending vegetables and mixing it with the child’s food unlike giving it to them when it is chopped in large chunks.